After World War II, the nation found itself facing a mood of deep seated social segregation it could no longer tolerate or afford. Yet the South, confidently proclaimed itself to be the new plus ultra (uppermost limits ) of Southern tolerance. Thus, was born the Civil Rights movement- a period of the most difficult but necessary struggle to topple the crumbling walls segregation had erected between Americans who had fought- and died together.
The postwar years indeed gave African-Americans inspiration, confidence, strength and hope for a better America. The United Nations had been formed, and Ralph J. Bunche had become the United Nations Division Trustee. African Americans were gaining better paying jobs, and the Supreme Court had finally passed a ruling that restrictive covenants and private agreement to exclude persons of designated race from the ownership of real property were not enforceable under the law.
Although the lives of African Americans were now changing for the good, and a few victories had been won, schools were still segregated under the “separate but equal” theory- and equal housing had yet to become a reality. This is what drove the men and women who met in Tampa, Florida, on the sweltering night of July 29, 1947, to form the National Association of Real Estate Brokers- NAREB.
By Seattle Municipal Archives from Seattle, WA (Fair housing protest, 1964 Uploaded by Jmabel) [CC BY 2.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0)], via Wikimedia Commons
These twelve pioneers, one woman and eleven men hailing from seven states across the country, are NAREB'S recognized founders:
Nannie Black, Detroit, MI
Macco Crutcher, Detroit, MI
Carleton Gains, Detroit, MI
W. D. Morrison, Jr., Detroit MI
O. B. Cobbins, Jackson, MS
W.H. Hollins, Birmingham, AL
George W. Powell, Jacksonville, FL
J. R. Taylor, Miami, FL
F. Henry Williams, Jacksonville, FL
Horace Sudduth, Cincinnati, OH
J. W. Sanford, Oklahoma City, OK
A. Maceo Smith, Dallas, TX
On this night, these people dedicated themselves to fair housing for all. They began by electing temporary officers as follows:
W.D. Morrison, President
Horace Sudduth, Vice President
W. H. Hollins, Treasurer
F. Henry Williams, Secretary
Word soon spread, and NAREB's first convention was held at the Convention Hall in Atlantic City, NJ, on July 19-20, 1948. It was a resounding success- a moment of synergy when men and women across the country were able to come together to voice their opinions as one- and to take a stand against inequity and injustice.
Since then, NAREB and its REALTISTS® have gone on to win victory after victory in support of equal housing opportunities for all. We are an association proud of our past, relentless in our struggle, and 100% dedicated to the REALTIST® creed- Democracy in Housing.